Sources tell CBC News Indian officials have not denied the existence of the intelligence in private
The Canadian government has amassed both human and signals intelligence in a months-long investigation of a Sikh activist's death that has inflamed relations with India, sources tell CBC News.
That intelligence includes communications involving Indian officials themselves, including Indian diplomats present in Canada, say Canadian government sources.
The intelligence did not come solely from Canada. Some was provided by an unnamed ally in the Five Eyes intelligence alliance.
In a diplomatic crisis that unfolded progressively behind the scenes, Canadian officials went to India on several occasions seeking co-operation in the investigation of Hardeep Singh Nijjar's death.
The Sikh leader was shot dead outside a Sikh temple in Surrey, B.C., on June 18 and reportedly had been warned by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service that he was at risk.
Canada's National Security and Intelligence Adviser Jody Thomas was in India over four days in mid-August, then again for five days this month.
That last visit overlapped with a tense meeting between Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Canadian sources say that, when pressed behind closed doors, no Indian official has denied the bombshell allegation at the core of this case — that there is evidence to suggest Indian government involvement in the assassination of a Canadian citizen on Canadian soil.
I can assure you that the decision to share these allegations on the floor of the House of Commons … was not done lightly, Trudeau said Thursday in New York after attending the United Nations General Assembly.
It was done with the utmost seriousness.
The Canadian government has not released its evidence and has suggested it could emerge during an eventual legal process.
India accuses Canada of sheltering terrorists
The dispute has poisoned Canada's relationship with India, a growing international power, just as the United States is courting it as a potential ally.
The Indian government has fumed at Canada for — in its view — sheltering Sikh separatists, including Nijjar, whom it called a terrorist.
The growing feud already has resulted in the expulsion of diplomats from both Canada and India. It escalated Thursday when India stopped processing visitor visas (new window) in Canada.
Canada is weighing retaliation but has taken no decision yet, said government sources in Ottawa. Trudeau dodged (new window) that question Thursday.
- Trudeau dodges questions on whether he'll match India's move to suspend visa processing (new window)
When asked about the intelligence reports, Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland said she couldn't comment without risking the investigation and Canada's obligations to its Five Eyes partners.
That partnership rests very much on those… intelligence conversations being held in confidence, she told CBC News Network's Power & Politics host David Cochrane.
Asked if Ottawa is thinking about retaliating by pausing visa processing for Indian visitors, Freeland said the government is focused on bringing the killers to justice.
This is not about geopolitics. This is about Canada, the safety of Canadians in Canada. This is about the rule of law, she said.
WATCH | India says Canada a safe haven for extremists:
India says Canada has reputation as ‘safe haven’ for terrorists, criminals
A spokesperson for India's Ministry of External Affairs, taking questions after Prime Minister Justin Trudeau accused India of being linked to the killing of a Sikh leader in B.C., says Canada has a growing reputation as a safe haven for 'terrorists, for extremists and for organized crime.'
No exemption for allies on 'actions like this': U.S.
The story has reverberated internationally, including in Washington. There were several questions about it during the White House daily briefing.
The U.S. government has not confirmed or denied that it was the Five Eyes ally providing some of the signals intelligence.
But one of the most senior officials in the U.S. government confirmed that the United States has been in frequent contact with Canada on this issue.
WATCH | U.S. taking Canada's allegation seriously, says national security adviser:
Canada's India allegations 'something we take seriously': White House
The U.S. has been in contact with Indian officials 'at high levels' over Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's allegations that India's government may have been involved in the killing of a Canadian Sikh leader, U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan told reporters on Thursday.
The official, U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan, revealed that the U.S. also has discussed the matter with the highest levels of the Indian government.
He said the U.S. is deeply concerned and wants to see the investigation continue and the perpetrators brought to justice.
He insisted that U.S. interest in this case will not disappear simply because it involves India, a powerful democracy with which it craves closer ties.
It is something we take seriously. It is something we will keep working on. And we will do that regardless of the country, said Sullivan.
There's not some special exemption you get for actions like this. Regardless of the country, we will stand up and defend our basic principles.
He also aggressively pushed back on media reports suggesting that the U.S. had declined to defend Canada on the matter.
I have seen in the press some efforts to try to drive a wedge between the U.S. and Canada on this issue. I firmly reject that there is a wedge between the U.S. and Canada, he said.
The Financial Times reported late Thursday (new window) that U.S. President Joe Biden and other Five Eyes members raised the killing with Modi directly during the recent G20 summit. The report cited three sources familiar with the discussions.
The Canadian government has refused to discuss Modi's awareness of, or involvement in, the case. The Indian government did not respond to the CBC's requests for comment.
When asked how far accountability could go, and whether Ottawa expected legal repercussions for people higher up in the Indian government, Canada's ambassador to the UN steered wide of the question.
I'd rather not go there. I don't think it's smart for me to do that, Bob Rae replied at a news conference.
I like my job. I would rather not lose it.
He added that the murder of a Canadian, on Canadian soil, is an affront to both the victim and to Canada's national sovereignty, its territory and a common international understanding of boundaries.