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Ottawa protest inspires talk of copycat convoys in U.S. and beyond

Truck blockade becomes cause célèbre for U.S. right

Truckers carry firewood for a stove they have in their trailer during the Ottawa protest on Feb. 1.

Truckers carry firewood for a stove they have in their trailer during the Ottawa protest on Feb. 1.

Photo: The Canadian Press / Patrick Doyle


A heated exchange unfolded in Washington a few days ago over a phenomenon not typically known for eliciting passions there.

The topic was a culture-war battle. In Canada. 

In the U.S. Congress, members laced into each other in a debate about the protest in Ottawa and the broader question of vaccine mandates.

A Texas Republican voiced support for the convoy, while mocking Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.

I'm perfectly happy to slap around the Canadian prime minister for his absolute, abject failure and to side with Canadian truckers, lawmaker Chip Roy said. 

This was after a Democrat scolded Roy for propagating the absurd lie that Trudeau had escaped to the U.S. and was hiding there. 

This is disinformation. Your disinformation, said Rep. Mark Takano of California, chiding the Republican for a falsehood-spreading tweet (new window) about the Canadian leader. 

That exchange last week (new window) underscored the extent to which the truck blockade in Ottawa has gone international, inspiring talk of copycat events in the U.S. and beyond.

WATCH | Protesters are outmanoeuvring law enforcement:

An initial sign of the cross-border spillover came Monday night (new window) as trucks were blocked on both sides of the Windsor-Detroit Ambassador Bridge, the most important Canada-U.S. trade link. 

There are now pandemic-related truck convoys planned in all 27 European capitals (new window)New Zealand (new window) and elsewhere in the U.S., as right-wing American social media channels buzz with chatter of convoys to Washington.

One Fox News prime-time host after another has devoted segments to trashing (new window) Canada's prime minister and toasting the convoy (new window) as a cause célèbre. 

Consider this the globalization of right-wing protest. And in this particular trade, Canada now finds itself in the import-export business.

Similar U.S. actions inevitable: experts

We've imported language and money for the event from Americans. 

Much of the protest lingo in Ottawa appears copied and pasted from the U.S. political vocabulary, with participants referring to themselves as patriots and "We the People (new window)who hold the line (new window)" — and international donations have flowed in.

The Ottawa protest has gained the notice of many right-wing figures in the U.S., from ex-president Donald Trump to Fox News host Tucker Carlson.

The Ottawa protest has gained the notice of many right-wing figures in the U.S., from ex-president Donald Trump to Fox News host Tucker Carlson.

Photo:  (Justin Tang/The Canadian Press)

Now, Canada is exporting its product back to the world. Some people who monitor right-wing online chatter say similar events in the U.S. are inevitable.

Tens of thousands of people have joined groups dedicated to starting international convoy protests on the social media site Telegram alone.

The copycat idea (new window) is being promoted by activists (new window) and commentators (new window) not just on the far right but by big voices, including the biggest one at Fox News.

Tucker Carlson told his prime-time audience this week that trends usually start in the U.S. and move north to Canada: But this time, the opposite could happen.

One former Trump administration official has been active on both sides of the border during the pandemic. Paul Alexander, a Canadian with a brief but controversial (new window) stint as a COVID adviser to the ex-president, has been (new window) involved in (new window) the Ottawa protest (new window).

There's still no date or defined plan beyond vague talk of a convoy from California to Washington, D.C. But a researcher at the Atlantic Council think-tank in Washington predicted (new window) these protests will spread. 

A researcher of far-right social media agrees the U.S. should brace for these events.

I think it's a 'when' and not an 'if,' said Sara Aniano, a grad student who researches at Monmouth University in New Jersey. I would be shocked if they didn't at least try [in the U.S.]. 

What's already clear is that this phenomenon has generated something cherished in America's political industry: funding. It's a money-making machine.

The Christian crowdfunding site GiveSendGo said Canada's convoy instantly smashed its record for most donations ever, garnering more than $7 million since the weekend after an even larger funding effort on GoFundMe was shut down.

GiveSendGo said the money is streaming into Canada from everywhere: An overwhelming outpouring of support from across the globe, is how the company described it.

'Go truckers, go Canadians'

Indeed, some of the biggest donations listed on the site include thousands attributed to American names and businesses.

The enthusiasm for the phenomenon was evident at a Donald Trump rally in Texas last month, where the ex-president's most ardent supporters gushed support.

Trucks are seen parked in downtown Ottawa on Feb. 2.

Trucks are seen parked in downtown Ottawa on Feb. 2.

Photo: Radio-Canada / Christian Milette

This included one man selling flags at the rally, who was himself draped in several flags, including the Confederate battle flag.

Go truckers, go Canadians, said Jeff Brown of Portland, Ore., a Trump supporter who sells the flags at rallies. Stand up! We'll come across the border and try to bitch-slap anybody that tries to hurt you guys. We've had enough.

In an interview, another woman shared her potpourri of conspiracy theories, with a strong scent of QAnon and infused with bits of Canadiana.

In the worldview of Becky Barnes from Dallas, Donald Trump is still president (he isn't — he lost by seven million votes and came up short in a half-dozen swing states); John F. Kennedy Jr. is secretly vice-president (he died in 1999); and Canada's true head of state lives in Victoria, B.C. (the person in question is a QAnon-peddling imposter who spouts violent rhetoric (new window)).

Barnes said the world is praying for revolts like the one in Canada.

A woman being interviewed in a parking lot.

Becky Barnes, who was interviewed at a Trump rally in Texas in late January, insists Trump is still president and fully supports the vaccine mandate protesters in Ottawa.

Photo:  CBC

Christine Babbino of Bethlehem, Penn., who was also at the Trump event, offered a more practical rationale for supporting the Canadian protests. 

Babbino, who works in logistics, said the cost of transporting goods is going up, and she blames pandemic rules for contributing to it.

Canada needs to stand up, Babbino said.

'I think they're emboldened'

Regina Bateson has a unique perspective on the cross-border politics at play. She's from the U.S., ran for Congress (new window) as a Democrat and now lives in Ottawa. 

She's also an academic (new window) who researches political violence and says the standoff will end in one of three ways: a negotiated settlement, which she said appears increasingly unlikely; a violent incident that provokes a police crackdown; or a clash with local residents.

But she made a longer-term prediction: That the group in Ottawa will remain a presence in Canadian political life, as its members spend weeks together, establishing new connections and developing their network of like-minded people.

I think they're emboldened, empowered, said Bateson, a professor at the University of Ottawa.

They're moving faster than institutions and political leaders can keep up with. And they're here to stay. 

A cyclist stops in front of trucks blocked on Metcalfe Street in Ottawa on Feb. 4.

A cyclist stops in front of trucks blocked on Metcalfe Street in Ottawa on Feb. 4.

Photo: La Presse canadienne / PATRICK DOYLE

Another surprise phenomenon, she said, is the tsunami of cash flooding into a Canadian political cause.

She said big-money politics is a fact of life in the U.S., with a vast ecosystem of groups on the left and right that thrive on polarizing debates that get people clicking and donating cash.

Bateson related her surprise after moving to Canada and seeing how few political ads there were during the last federal election. 

Meanwhile, she said this protest has generated as much money in just a few days as a major Canadian political party (new window) receives in donations over several months.

Tracing sources of funds difficult

American awareness of the event was building in January and it surged, she said, after Trump got involved with a speech and then a statement where the defeated president supported the convoy and referred to Trudeau as a far-left lunatic.

[When that happened] I thought, oh boy, here we go. I knew that was going to set in motion a series of events, perhaps unlike Canada has ever seen, Bateson said. Now it's on Fox News, Breitbart. It's a top story on most of these [U.S.] platforms by this point. 

It's become a top-of-mind cause for ambitious Republican politicians, a prime (new window) issue for candidates (new window) in Republican primaries in this year's midterm elections and future (new window) and past (new window) presidential aspirants are talking about it.

Attorneys-general in several states are promising (new window) investigations into GoFundMe, the crowdsourcing site that shut down an earlier convoy fundraising campaign. 

WATCH | American conservatives are helping fund Ottawa protests:

So what does Canadian law say about foreign donations to a political cause that police accuse (new window) of unlawful behaviour? Not much, it appears. 

Leah West, a national security lawyer (new window) and Carleton University professor, says it's highly unlikely (new window) such donations violate any criminal laws. 

Elections Canada says foreign funds can't be used in official election campaigns, or for partisan advertising.

It's hard to know where the money even comes from.

Members of Parliament intend (new window) to have the original crowdfunding company, GoFundMe, testify before the Commons Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security.

But Jessica Davis, a former federal official (new window) in financial intelligence, said there are no rules requiring foreign donors to a crowdfunding site to disclose their real identity.

We have no idea [who they are], she said. There's literally no identity verification.

— With files from Katie Simpson


Alexander Panetta (new window) · CBC News

Alexander Panetta is a Washington-based correspondent for CBC News who has covered American politics and Canada-U.S. issues since 2013. He previously worked in Ottawa, Quebec City and internationally, reporting on politics, conflict, disaster and the Montreal Expos.