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Inflation rate jumps again to new 18-year high of 4.7%

Cost of everything going up at a much higher pace than usual

A person pushes his grocery cart.

Consumer prices in Canada are rising at their fastest annual pace in almost 20 years.

Photo: Radio-Canada


Canada's inflation rate jumped to a new 18-year high of 4.7 per cent last month, led by sharply higher prices for energy.

Statistics Canada says the 4.7 per cent rate is the highest since February 2003.

The showing was in line with what economists were expecting but as Doug Porter with Bank of Montreal noted, it's almost a relief in 2021 when hot inflation readings aren't even hotter than expectations.

"While perhaps not quite as eye-popping as the latest 6.2 per cent U.S. headline inflation print (new window), this still marks a massive upswing from inflation of just 0.7 per cent a year ago," Porter said.

All eight components that the data agency tracks were higher, but the increase was led by higher transportation costs, which went up by more than 10 per cent in the past year.

Within that, gasoline was a major factor, as prices at the pump have risen by 41.7 per cent since October of last year.

Beyond the cost to fill them up, the rising cost of the car itself was also a major driver of inflation. New vehicle prices have risen by 6.1 per cent in the past year, mostly due to an ongoing shortage of semiconductor chips (new window).

Food prices jump higher

Food prices continue to creep higher, too. Meat prices have risen by almost 10 per cent, on average, with bacon in particular going up at more than twice that rate. Overall, Canadians grocery bills are going up at a 3.9 per cent annual pace.

Labour shortages that have slowed down production, ongoing supply chain challenges and rising prices for livestock feed continued to factor into higher prices for meat, the data agency said.

James Houston, co-owner of Ontario-based food manufacturer Manning Canning kitchens, knows all too well that the cost of just about everything is going up, and fast.

The maker of jams, jellies and other preserves has seen the price of everything he needs to make his products skyrocket this year, and those costs get passed on to the retail level.

We use fresh pressed raspberry juice, and that's gone up 90 per cent, he said in an interview with CBC News. "That's because most of our raspberries come from B.C. and obviously they had a heat dome and that just killed the raspberry harvest (new window)."

Beyond the food itself, it's costing more to package and transport it, too. First he had a hard time getting his hands on enough cans because of a supply shortage early on in the pandemic (new window). Then the skyrocketing price of lumber (new window) hit his business, too.

Pricey lumber also drives the pulp price up and that gets passed along to us, so the price of the cardboard and the packaging went up.

Houston says small businesses like his can't absorb higher costs like that forever without eventually passing it on to consumers.

There's not much to be done about it, except grin and bear it and take it one day at a time.

CBC News